Contraception / Birth Control is Not Forbidden
Clergy have innovated the prohibition of contraception for believing couples. There is no evidence for this in the Qur'an. Their only argument that a believer should produce as many children as possible is in direct opposition to the Qur'an. See Is Having More Children Islamic?
"Do not say falsely, 'this is lawful and that is prohibited', inventing a lie about Allah..." (Qur'an 16:116)
The ideas some people hold on the "intervention" of contraception with the destiny of Allah is incorrect. The 'destiny of Allah' is a predetermination of every event and every human being to appear on earth from the beginning of time till the end of time - since Allah knows and controls all events. The use of contraception is also part of Allah's pre-determined sequence of events. Therefore, family planning as a result of the use of contraception is part of Allah's destiny and does not change what was destined by Allah. Contraception should be perceived as yet another blessing of Allah to human beings, and something to thank Allah by.
Some others assume that the verse: "And do not kill your children fearing poverty, We provide for them and you, killing them is a great wrong" (Qur'an 17:31) can be used to mean contraception is forbidden. This is not a correct comprehension, since before conception, there is no life - preventing sperm from reaching the egg cannot be equated to killing your children. It is prudent and wise if you do not have the means to provide for more children to use contraception. The verse is for situations where you already have children, to not kill them (or have fallen pregnant, save rare cases) - not to encourage you when you do not have children to knowingly bring them into the world without having the means for them.
Husbands Forcefully Preventing Contraception
It is taught that a man can forcefully prevent the use of contraception due to a wife's obligation to "obey" the husband and his right to have as many children as he likes. See The Myth that Women have to "Obey" their Husbands, and Is Having More Children Islamic?
Prohibited Forms of Birth Control
There are forms of birth-control that involve surgery / physical alterations to the human body (e.g. vasectomy, tubal litigation, hysterectomy etc.). Such forms are against the Qur'an as Allah teaches against cutting / making physical alterations to the body:
"(Satan said), 'I will lead them (mankind) astray and fill them with false hopes. I will command them and they will cut off cattle's ears. I will command them and they will change Allah's creation.' Anyone who takes Satan as his protector in place of Allah has clearly lost everything. He makes promises to them and fills them with false hopes. But what Satan promises them is nothing but delusion." (Qur'an 4:119-120)
The following is also stated in the Qur'an:
"Let there be no change in Allah's creation." (Qur'an 30:30)
To conclude, there is no prohibition in the use of contraception, nor are there any limits, restrictions or conditions on how much it may be used.
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